Bain sult as iad seo! / Enjoy
these!
Ár nGníomhaíochtaí: / Our
Activities:
DÉFHOGHAIR
DIPHTHONGS
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CUMANN CARAD NA GAEILGE
The Philo-Celtic Society
 






The Irish Diphthongs  (pronounced DIF -THONG)

diphthong - sounds like an article of clothing doing the backstroke.  But instead, when two or more vowels
are combined to make a surprising new sound, that's called a 'diphthong.'   

The Irish diphthongs are ae, ea, eo, ia, ua, ei, io, ai, ao, and aoi.  


Pronunciation of Diphthongs

Some diphthongs can be pronounced more than one way based on dialect and personal choice.  We
teach our students to say a diphthong any way they want based on any of the acceptable choices.  

We often find that when somebody says 'Your pronunciation is wrong, it should be said this way...," it often
means they just haven't heard another dialect's way of pronouncing it.   (Just like telling somebody in
Boston they can't say Bahstin because you like to say Bohstan.)   

Click on the diphthongs highlighted in blue below to see and hear how they are pronounced.  Memorize
them:
ae
é
ea
2 ways: a (as in 'fat' or 'mat') and ah
eo
o or ó
ia
used to be spelled ía, which is the way it is pronounced (eee-ah, w/ stress at the
front as always) .
ua
ua used to be spelled úa, which is its pronunciation (ooo-ah, w/stress at front as
always)
ei
2 ways: short eh or é
ai
3 ways: ah, aye, a (as in 'fat' or 'mat')
ao
3 ways: é-ah (w/stress at the front on é), ah-ú (w/ stress at front on ah), or í
aoi
2 ways: ah-í (stress at front as always), or í
WITH SUPPORT FROM

An Gael Magazine

Scoil Ghaeilge Ghearóid Tóibín

Tí Thrá Lí Media

Irish Tribes

Cló an Druaidh / The Druid Press


Copyright (c) 2004-2012 by Cló an Druaidh / The Druid Press
Gach Ceart Faoi Choimeád. All Rights Reserved
NA DÉFHOGHAIR
The Diphthongs or "Vowel Surprises"
Ag obair ar son na Gaeilge ó 1872
Working on behalf of the Irish Language since 1872
Táimid ag cabhrú le
hathbheochan na Gaeilge ar
fud an domhain!!
We are helping with the
renaissance of the Irish
Language throughout the
world!